SHIP NOTES:
Source: Gentile, Gary, Shipwrecks of North Carolina: From Hatteras Inlet South, Gary Gentile Productions, 1992
Name: SCHURZ Type: Gunboat
Date Sunk: 6/21/18 Cause: Collision with SS Florida
Size (ft.): 255 x 32 x 14 Tonnage: 1,603 tons
Propulsion: Coal-fired steam Location N34° 11.218'/W76° 36.127'

SHIP HISTORY:
The Schurz started its life in 1894 as a german armed cruiser named the SMS Geier. She had both steam and sail propulsion and was a mix of copper sheathing, steel and wood. The Geier served in the German navy during the Spanish-American War (1894), the Boxer Rebellion (1900-1905), and Turkish-Italian War (1911-1913).
During the beginning days of WWI, the Geier was in the pacific and was being pursued by Japan. She entered the then neutral port of Honolulu, Hawaii in 1914 for supplies and repairs. The US was neutral at the time and not yet entered the war but German interests did not align with those of the United States. The Geier was interred at that point and the US Navy prevented her leaving so that she would not support German war efforts. Almost 3 years later, she seized at the entry of the United States into WWI (1917). She was re-fitted and launched as the Schurz in October 1917 and served in the US Navy in convoy duties as a patrol vessel.
On June 18, 1918, the Schurz was struck by the SS Floridia who was running with lights out to avoid german submarines. The Schurz sank several hours later with one fatality.
U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command via NOAA U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command via NOAA

DIVING NOTES:
Diving Depths: 95-110 ft.
Visibility: Generally very good; range 50 to 100+ ft. Visability is often reduced to less than 10 feet because of the schools of baitfish
Current: Slight to moderate
Summer Temperature: high 70s to lo 80s
Points of Interest: Four boilers, engine, port anchor, rudder/steering quadrant, bow and stern deck guns, various sizes of ammunition & bullets;
Fish/Animal Life: Vast schools of baitfish, frequent sandtiger sharks, amberjacks, occasional sea turtles, numerous small tropicals and moray eels;
Description: Also known as the "WWI" or World War One or the Geier , the wreck of the Schurz is contiguous and lies generally on its keel. (It actually lists to its port side This is more noticeable near the stern than anywhere else on the wreck.) The high spots on the wreck are the boilers. From the boilers, forward to the bow, the wreck is quite flat and without much very high relief. Except towards the bow, the wreck is chunky, with distinct large pieces of machinery within the collapsed outline of the hull. Despite its small, compact size, there are days where the vast schools of baitfish (usually tomtate grunts) make it quite easy to get turned around on this wreck - especially if the layout is unfamiliar to you . Sometimes you can't see two feet in front of you even though the water may be super clear! This wreck has suffered a lot in previous decades from overzealous artifact divers. Yet, if you can get on it with out other divers on it, the Schurz, with its abundant fish life and usually clear water, is still a very pretty wreck with lots of interesting machinery and components to explore. Note: a good section of the wreck - especially at the stern was uncovered during the last major hurricane to hit the area. Its quite a change

VIDEOS:
Copyright © 2021 by Paul M. Hudy
BFDC dive June 8, 2019: Schurz BFDC dive August 28, 2021: Schurz

PHOTOS:
Copyright © 2021 by Paul M. Hudy
Engine area Stern end of aft boiler pair
bow anchor, port side stern deck gun, port side
Port, bow anchor Wreckage, near engines
Bow deck gun Wreckage near stern Looking at the stern aft of the wreck Rudder assembly/Steering quadrant
Stern deck gun Diver working near the stern
Bow deck gun 2 of the 4 boilers

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